Laboratory & QA/QC Terminology
ACS: American Chemical Society
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
AOAC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists
APHA: American Public Health Association
ATC: Automatic Temperature Compensation
ATP: adenoisine 5'-triphosphate
Bacteriophage: Virus that affects bacterial cell, sometimes bringing about a dissolution of bacteria or cells.
BOD: Biological Oxygen Demand
Buffer: A solution containing either a weak acid and its salt or a weak base and its salt, which is resistant to changes in pH.
CIP: Clean in Place
COP: Clean out of Place
Culture: The act of succesfully growing a unique stain or a consortium of microorganisms, or a viable collection of a single strain of microorganisms which has been selectively grown.
Diluent: Fluid used to dilute a substance
Enzyme: A protein functioning as a catalyst in living organisms, which promotes specific reactions or groups of reactions.
DO: Dissolved Oxygen
FCC: Food Chemical Codex
FDA: Food and Drug Administration
GMP: Good Manufacturing Practices
HACCP: Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point
HTST: High Temperature Short Time
Membrane Filtration: The use of a non-absorbent porous membrane to trap particles (including bacteria) which allow the water to filter through. Pore sizes commonly used are of 0.22 and 0.45 microns diameter.
mL: Micro liter
N: Normal or Normality (concentration)
Neutralization: Reaction between an acid and a base which produces a neutral (pH=7) solution.
NIST: National Institute of Standards & Technology
NTEP: National Type Evaluation Program
PMO: Pasteurized Milk Ordinance
PPB: Parts per Billion
PPM: Parts per Million
RTD: Resistance Temperature Detector
Sterile: Free of microorganisms
USP: United States Pharmacopeia
USDA: United States Department of Agriculture
UHT: Ultra High Temperature
μ Or U: Micro
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